Killer disease on Loose: India grappling with Tuberculosis

Image: Tuberculosis spread across countries recreated using R and Google graphs based on data from Worldhealthexpectancy.com

Even though Tuberculosis is preventable and treatable, it remains the world’s deadliest infectious disease. India has the highest burden of Tuberculosis in the world. In 2015 alone, 2.8 million cases of TB was reported and 480,000 people died from it. India had 130,000 multi-drug resistant TB patients in 2015, the highest in the world. 60 percent of the total number of Tuberculosis cases comes from six countries and India is on top followed by Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa. 40% of India’s population, which accounts to around 50 crore, have Latent Tuberculosis. Latent TB infection means a person have infectious agent present in him, but would not show any evidence of active disease as long as his immunity stays strong!.

In a TED Talk on ‘India’s Tuberculosis crisis’, Zarir F Udwadia, a leading expert on TB and chest physician at the Hinduja Hospital & Research Centre, Mumbai, called it, “Ebola with wings.”….. 

The situation at this moment in India looks grim as number of patients with multi-drug resistant TB and extensively drug-resistant TB is on rise.

The situation at this moment in India looks grim as number of patients with multi-drug resistant TB and extensively drug-resistant TB is on rise. As per latest report almost one in five cases of TB  shows resistance to at least one major anti-TB drug.

What is Tuberculosis ?

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that affects the lungs. It can also spread to other parts of the body, like the brain and spine. Mycobacterium is an airborne pathogen, hence TB can spread through the air from person to person.

There are two forms of the disease:

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Biotechnology: is this a field of Hope or field of Disappointment for Biotech aspirants

Biotechnology: A success or failure in India

Biotechnology is globally recognized as a rapidly emerging and far-reaching technology. It is aptly described as the “technology of hope” . But in Indian scenario, this field has failed in delivering what it promised in terms of employment. Way back from 2000, the word ‘Biotech’ has been used and been projected as technology of future, but looking at 2017 we have not reached any big milestones leaving aside some top names like Biocon, Dr Reddys, Bharat Biotech, Shantha Biotech. The employment opportunities are still desolate.

Revenue and growth but says a different story. As per recent records Biotechnology industry contributes 10-12% to the growth of the country every year.  India is among the top 12 biotech destinations in the world and ranks third in the Asia-Pacific region. India has the second-highest number of US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)–approved plants, after the USA and is the largest producer of recombinant Hepatitis B vaccine. The industry is projected to touch a target of 100$ billion by 2025 according to Association of Biotechnology Led Enterprises (ABLE). At this stage we have over 600 companies with Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)pitched at 20%.

The first two paragraphs contradicts. The first one is the voice of thousands of students who took up Biotechnology as their course of study and second paragraph gives the numbers from Biotech industry. It’s very much needed to understand why two groups assess the same situation differently. My effort here is to bring attention to those points.

Biotechnology Industry is a Blanket term

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Autism numbers rising

Autism  is a growing problem worldwide

Autism: The number of children diagnosed with autism has grown

The prevalence of autism is on the alarming rise. Autism is the world’s third most common development disorder. Autism is ten times more common today than it was in the 1980s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some studies point towards a 10% to 17% rise annually in the last couple of years.  Also, autism is far more likely to affect boys than girls, a fact that is still unexplained.

Autism is a growing problem worldwide and possesses a greater healthcare and economic burden to the developing nation like India. India is home to  10-15 million people with autism. In India, most children with Autism are diagnosed between 3 and 6 years of age.

 

Autistics are one of the largest minority groups in the world – Steve Silberman

Autism is the result of multiple genes , anywhere from three to 20, interacting with each other.

Do you know enough about this Disease

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