Oral health is an important contributor to overall health and well-being. Oral health touches every aspect of our lives. Oral health means more than just healthy teeth- it includes the health of the gums, oral soft tissues, chewing muscles, the palate, tongue, lips and salivary glands. Good oral health enables an individual to speak, eat and socialize without active disease, discomfort or embarrassment. It is integral to general health and well-being.
We are amidst a global oral disease epidemic, and the statistics are startling: nearly 100 percent of adults have had cavities.
Oral disease is one of the most common public health issues worldwide with significant socio-economic impacts. Oral health is affected on a daily basis by various forms of oral diseases, mainly dental caries and periodontal disease, and occasionally by oral cancer, lesions in HIV/AIDS, mucosal and salivary gland diseases, and orofacial pain and clefts. These oral disorders are collectively the commonest chronic diseases in mankind with great impacts on vita functions, self-esteem, quality of life.
It is currently recognized that oral diseases are worldwide epidemic and a major public health problem.
The facts on Oral health are disturbing : based on WHO
- Worldwide, 60–90% of school children and nearly 100% of adults have dental cavities
- Globally, about 30% of people aged 65–74 have no natural teeth
- 16-40% of children in the age range 6 to12 years old are affected by dental trauma due to unsafe playgrounds, unsafe schools, road accidents, or violence
- In young children, there is a relationship between dental caries and childhood obesity
- Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities, is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in humans
- Dental cavities and periodontal disease are major causes of tooth loss
- Birth defects such as cleft lip and palate occur in about one per 500–700 of all births.
- Severe periodontal (gum) disease, which may result in tooth loss, is found in 15–20% of middle-aged (35-44 years) adults
- Oral cancer is the eighth most common cancer globally
- Oral disease in children and adults is higher among poor and disadvantaged population groups
- Almost half (40–50%) of people who are HIV-positive have oral fungal, bacterial or viral infections
- Because of the high prevalence and recurrent cumulative nature of caries and periodontal disease, the mouth is among the most expensive parts of the body to treat in some countries such as Japan, Australia and Germany
- Several oral diseases are linked to non-communicable chronic diseases or conditions that share common risk factors, such as diabetes, obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease
- With the growing consumption of sugar in the developing world as a result of westernization, the levels of dental decay are likely to rise
Impact of lifestyle on Oral Health: