Milk gets converted to tasty and yummy Curd. The credit goes to Protein Casein and Bacteria (mostly). Let’s explore the curd making process in depth. At the end of this, I am sure you will find your learning’s helping you in making better curd.
In a glass of milk, complexes of casein proteins in the form of micelles floats around. These complexes have negative charge, so they repel each other. When we add to it curd inoculum you are introducing loads of Lactobacillus strain of Bacteria which will make milk acidic. This causes the casein complexes to change shape and also alter their charge. As a result, instead of repelling each other, the casein complexes coagulate, or come together. As they coagulate, they capture fat and lactose along the way and get combined into a larger and larger solid, which we see as curd.
Making cupcake soap is part chemistry, part artistry
The image shown here should not be mistaken for cup cakes, these are ‘Soap cupcakes’. They are the best example of creative soap making. The finished results resembles an edible cup cake. For that matter the equipment and tools involved are also borrowed from there. You need Silicone ‘Cupcake’ moulds, Silicone or Plastic moulds for decorations, Hand sprayer, Measuring spoons, Electric Whisk, Piping bag & nozzle.
Dogs are man’s best friend. They have not become our close friend by accident, but science has a lot to tell on why we love them and why they love us back. If you are a person who has dog as pet you would be aware of many of its behavioral patterns like, what they want to convey by wagging their tail or going round and round before sleeping.
But did you know that most of these behaviors are not just instinctive or related to only your dog, but science have explained it through experiments the reason behind their behavior.
This is based on study carried out by y German and Czech researchers, who spent two years watching 70 dogs while they defecated and urinated thousands of times. The dog researchers used 37 different breeds in their study, from beagles and borzois to Transylvanian hounds.
Researchers have found that dogs that are anxious and impulsive were more likely to have prematurely gray hair than dogs that were not regarded as anxious or impulsive. Also researchers found that Female dogs tended to have higher levels of grayness than male dogs.
Researchers have found that mutual gazing had profound effect on both the dogs and their owners. Of the duos that had spent the greatest amount of time looking into each other’s eyes, both male and female dogs experienced a 130% rise in oxytocin levels, and both male and female owners a 300% increase ( oxytocin, a hormone that plays a role in maternal bonding, trust, and altruism).
A genetic variation in Labrador retrievers says that they are more likely to seek out food. So Labrador owners should be aware of the fact that their dogs are hard-wired to pester them more about food, and are more likely to beg.
Chocolate contains theobromine and caffeine that are dangerous to dogs. Once they chew chocolate they may begin to drool excessively or even vomit and have diarrhea. These are signs that the chocolate is toxic to the dog. Research has found that dogs are four times more likely to go to the doc for chocolate poisoning during Christmas time of the year. No wonder chocolate cakes and cookies !
Dosa and Idli – Two common breakfast or snack options. Though it originated in south India, now you can find these two even in US and European restaurants. Chefs have been continuously reinventing these two by adding new flavors and altering the ingredients. At restaurants we get Plain dosa to Chicken tikka masala dosa.
Have you ever thought on how the batter of idli, dosa gets fermented as you are not adding any inoculate or microbe culture as in making curd or baking bread. All credit goes to microbes L. mesenteroides and S. faecalis.
Study suggests that pigeons can recognize words. Pigeons also known as “rats with wings” just might be literate.
“Although their brains are only the size of a thimble, pigeons apparently have similar levels of intelligence as those found in toddlers. Earlier studies have shown they can tell the difference between live video images of themselves and previously recorded images. This ability is higher than the average human three-year-old.”
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) – a name we have identified with fever and pain. A drug we have consumed the most in our life. The first drug (most probably) we have tasted. A drug which will always be there in side packet or cupboard. A common household drug. Do we really know enough about this drug ?
So we have now a total of 79 organs including the new one, the mesentery
The mesentery is a belt of tissue that holds our intestines in place. It was earlier thought to be a fragmented structures in the digestive system.
Mesentery is one single band of tissue, beginning at the pancreas and continuing down through the small intestine and colon. It wraps around these vital organs to hold them tight and help them maintain their structure. It is made of a folded-over ribbon of peritoneum, a type of tissue usually found lining the abdominal cavity, researchers at the University Hospital Limerick reveals.