Men are turning bald as early as in their 20s. This is definitely was not the case in our father’s generation where men in 40s walked around with a full crop of hair . About 85% of men will have major hair thinning by the time they’re 50. Some guys will start to lose theirs before they turn even 21.
Different ethnic groups show varying susceptibility levels to pattern baldness. Chinese, blacks and Native Americans are more likely to keep a full head of hair than whites.
Four main reasons that makes hair fall rate so bad: stress, bad habits, pollution and poor nutrition
Prostate cancer only affects men. This cancer begins to grow in the prostate – a male reproductive organ. After the Testis (the male reproductive organs), Prostate is the second most important gland for proper male sexual functioning. This is a small gland that sits below the bladder near the rectum. It produces most of the fluid that makes up semen that enriches sperm.
Prostate cancer facts
About one man in six will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime, and one man in 36 will die of this disease
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in men
About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men 65 years or older
Prostate cancer often has no early symptoms, means people are not aware of the disease at early stages
Prostate cancer spreads, to the bones in nine out of 10 fatal cases
Advanced prostate cancer can cause men to urinate more often or have a weaker flow of urine
Oral health is an important contributor to overall health and well-being. Oral health touches every aspect of our lives. Oral health means more than just healthy teeth- it includes the health of the gums, oral soft tissues, chewing muscles, the palate, tongue, lips and salivary glands. Good oral health enables an individual to speak, eat and socialize without active disease, discomfort or embarrassment. It is integral to general health and well-being.
We are amidst a global oral disease epidemic, and the statistics are startling: nearly 100 percent of adults have had cavities.
Oral disease is one of the most common public health issues worldwide with significant socio-economic impacts. Oral health is affected on a daily basis by various forms of oral diseases, mainly dental caries and periodontal disease, and occasionally by oral cancer, lesions in HIV/AIDS, mucosal and salivary gland diseases, and orofacial pain and clefts. These oral disorders are collectively the commonest chronic diseases in mankind with great impacts on vita functions, self-esteem, quality of life.
It is currently recognized that oral diseases are worldwide epidemic and a major public health problem.
The facts on Oral health are disturbing : based on WHO
Worldwide, 60–90% of school children and nearly 100% of adults have dental cavities
Globally, about 30% of people aged 65–74 have no natural teeth
16-40% of children in the age range 6 to12 years old are affected by dental trauma due to unsafe playgrounds, unsafe schools, road accidents, or violence
In young children, there is a relationship between dental caries and childhood obesity
Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavities, is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in humans
Dental cavities and periodontal disease are major causes of tooth loss
Birth defects such as cleft lip and palate occur in about one per 500–700 of all births.
Severe periodontal (gum) disease, which may result in tooth loss, is found in 15–20% of middle-aged (35-44years) adults
Oral cancer is the eighth most common cancer globally
Oral disease in children and adults is higher among poor and disadvantaged population groups
Almost half (40–50%) of people who are HIV-positive have oral fungal, bacterial or viral infections
Because of the high prevalence and recurrent cumulative nature of caries and periodontal disease, the mouth is among the most expensive parts of the body to treat in some countries such as Japan, Australia and Germany
Several oral diseases are linked to non-communicable chronic diseases or conditions that share common risk factors, such as diabetes, obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease
With the growing consumption of sugar in the developing world as a result of westernization, the levels of dental decay are likely to rise
Childhood obesity is not only associated with a higher risk of getting disease and premature death, but is also accompanied by many other medical conditions during childhood.
The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. The high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt, energy-dense, and micronutrient-poor foods, that are lower in nutrient quality are to be blamed for this scenario. Sometimes a child may be eating the right type and amount of food but lack physical activity, because of which they put on weight. The problem is global. Based on 2015 WHO reports, the number of overweight children under the age of five, was estimated to be over 42 million. Also almost half of all overweight children under 5 live in Asia and one quarter in Africa. If WHO is to be believed, If current trends continue the number of overweight or obese infants and young children globally will increase to 70 million by 2025.
You are pregnant…great news. Are you worried whether your baby will be born with birth defects. Worldwide, at least 7.9 million people are born each year with a birth defect. 85% of the world’s birth defects occur in developing countries. There are more than 7,000 kinds of birth defects that are known to occur. Study finds 400,000 children born with new mutations each year worldwide. Congenital anomalies are responsible for the death of more than 300,000 infants worldwide. These all news kind of scares an expectant mother. According to Parents Magazine, 78 percent of expectant mothers rated birth defects as their number one concern.
For many babies born with a birth defect, there is no family history of the condition. Some birth defects like cleft lip or spina bifida are easy to see. Others, like heart defects, are not. – National Birth Defects Prevention Network
Birth defects may affect appearance, organ function, or physical or mental development. They can be minor or severe. Most birth defects are present within the first three months of pregnancy, when the organs are still forming. Some birth defects are harmless, while others require long-term medical treatment. Birth defects have a serious physical and emotional impact, not only on those affected, but also on their families.
Birth defects: what causes it ?
Birth defects can be a result of genetics, lifestyle choices and behaviors, exposure to certain medicines and chemicals, infections during pregnancy, or a combination of these factors. For example spina bifida is a structural birth defect clinically obvious at birth and hemophilia is a functional birth defect that may present clinically only in infancy or childhood and some birth defects, like Fetal Alcohol Syndrome develop in babies because of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Some birth defects can be corrected before or shortly after birth. Severe birth defects, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida, can cause long-term disability or death.
In India birth defects prevalence varies from 61 to 69.9/1000 live births. Annual birth of Down syndrome babies is around 37,000 taking incidence of down syndrome as 1.4/1000 live birth. In India consanguineous (close relatives) marriages varies from as low as 1% to 4% in the northern region to as high as 40-50% in the southern region. Carrier frequencies for sickle cell hemoglobin ranges from 17% to 30% or more in Indian population.
Risks that increases having a baby with birth defect
The parents have another child with a genetic disorder
The prevalence of autism is on the alarming rise. Autism is the world’s third most common development disorder. Autism is ten times more common today than it was in the 1980s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some studies point towards a 10% to 17% rise annually in the last couple of years. Also, autism is far more likely to affect boys than girls, a fact that is still unexplained.
Autism is a growing problem worldwide and possesses a greater healthcare and economic burden to the developing nation like India. India is home to 10-15 million people with autism. In India, most children with Autism are diagnosed between 3 and 6 years of age.
Autistics are one of the largest minority groups in the world – Steve Silberman
Chikangunya continued its menace across states in India from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. 2016, June – September months reported maximum number of cases across India, especially in Delhi and Karnataka. As per data from National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, as of 31st Dec 2016, across country there have been a total of 58136 cases (actual numbers should be way more) .
Karnataka topped the chart with 13,506 cases
Delhi recorded a total of 12,221 cases. This definitely is a matter of concern keeping in mind the size of the state