5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man’s Body

5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man's BodyGenerally when we speak about parenting, it’s all about changes that happen in mom. But science says that Man’s body and brain too undergo changes with the arrival of new born baby. Hormonal changes does not just affect women, but it affects men too. Dropping testosterone levels, rising prolactin and oxytocin level transforms a man into a DAD.

Several studies has been carried out in past that indicated of the role fathers play in helping kids grow up as responsible citizens without much behavioral and psychological problems, but its only off late studies have started focusing on the brain level changes associated with fatherhood.

Dads Gain Pregnancy Weight 

Study carried out in 2009 found that men reportedly gain on an average of 6 Kg during their partner’s pregnancy. This is called sympathetic pregnancy symptom and is called as ‘couvade’. Symptoms can include even nausea, headache, irritability, restlessness, backache, colds, and nervousness.

couvade syndrome

The ‘love hormone’ Oxytocin peaks up

In fathers “love hormone” level increases when they engage with their little one or get on with them in plays. That means, more the father gets involved in baby plays, more would be the level of love hormone. Another study revealed that sniffing a dose of the oxytocin makes fathers more engaged with their kids. So soon we will see oxytocin spray among  Father’s Day gift.

5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man's Body

Dip in testosterone levels

The level of Testosterone falls by about 40% in the first month of parenthood. Researchers measured the volume of testosterone in new fathers who were responsible towards their kids and who were indifferent. What they found was that new fathers who were responsible had lower testosterone levels compared to men who were indifferent to kids had higher testosterone levels.

Level of Prolactin increases

New dads experience on an average 20% rise in their prolactin levels in the first month and it remains elevated for many more months. While in women this hormone is associated with promoting feeding, in dads it help in promoting the development of paternal behaviors.

Dads Brain too changes

Read more5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man’s Body

This Monsoon watch out for these 8 Diseases

8 monsoon disease

Rain has hit southern states of India. By this month end or July entire country will get wet. A relief from hot summer, but all worried about monsoon diseases. The state of road and infrastructure in our country has not changed much, so we are going to see clogged roads, over flowing drains and drenched waste piles. Only option available is to know how these diseases spread and combat it from ones on end. Also during monsoon people with lifestyle disease like diabetes must be extra careful.

Water borne diseases:

Harmful bacteria, virus, chemical pollutants and dissolved impurities present in the contaminated water can wreak havoc in our lives. According to UN reports, In India, over one lakh people die of water-borne diseases annually.  With rain water leading to flood and water clogging, access to pure drinking water gets limited. Water-related diseases kills more number of people in monsoon, in both the urban and rural areas.

Cholera:  A person get Cholera by drinking impure water or eating food which is contaminated with bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It can affect children and adults and every year thousands of case gets reported across the country. Main symptoms include vomiting, abdominal cramps, watery diarrhoea, and fever.

Typhoid: It is another disease that gets transmitted by drinking contaminated water. It is caused by Salmonellae typhi bacteria. Symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, headache, constipation, exhaustion, sleepiness, and nausea. Typhoid fever is confirmed through stool culture. Infected person can transfer disease to people in close contact.

Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is caused by Hepatitis A virus and it affects the liver. It is normally spread through fecal-oral route. Symptoms include fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice. This is not life threatening and people come out of it without any long-term damage. Once a person contracts hepatitis A, they develop lifelong immunity, so no much chance for getting it second time.

Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea is one of the major causes of concern in children under the age of 5 . Diarrhoea that lasts for 2-3 days is very common and can affect people of all ages. But if diarrhoea lasts for more than 3-4 weeks, then it is referred as chronic diarrhea and it is fatal.

8 monsoon disease

Mosquito borne diseases:

Monsoon is the time of the year when we see increase in incidence of mosquito born diseases. Water logging and drains makes perfect  breeding place for mosquitoes. It is said “mosquitoes have killed more people than all the wars in history”.

Malaria:

Truth is all of India’s population is at risk for getting malaria except for those living above 1700 m above sea surface.   When Anopheles mosquito carrying Plasmodium parasite bites, the parasite gets released into our bloodstream and we get infected. In about  48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply and finally lyses of the red blood cells. Malaria if not attended at right time can become deadly.

Dengue:

The incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold over the last 50 years across globe. You would be amazed to know that  Aedes mosquitoes prefer artificial water containers like tanks to lay their eggs . The viruses enters human body through the bites of an infective female Aedes mosquito. Patient experiences symptoms like headache, high fever, rashes, and pain in the muscles and the joints. In severe cases, one may experience severe bleeding and shocks, which can be life threatening.

Chikangunya:

Chikungunya is caused by Alphavirus and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. They are a cause of great concern to public health in India. Symptoms generally start 4–7 days after the mosquito bite. The acute phase is characterized by painful polyarthralgia, high fever, asthenia, headache, vomiting, rash and myalgia. In the chronic phase, incapacitating arthralgia persists for months.

Food borne diseases:

Read moreThis Monsoon watch out for these 8 Diseases

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think
We will have to give away packaging including milk covers, food wrappers and even sanitary napkins

Every yea in India about 25,000 tonnes of plastic waste is generated  and of which only 60 per cent is recycled. Delhi tops the chart with with 689.52 tonnes followed by Chennai (429.39 tonnes), Mumbai (408.27 tonnes), Bengaluru (313.87 tonnes) and Hyderabad (199.33 tonnes). Thus says our union environment minister. In a recent clean up drive that happened across 12 states lying close to Himalayan ecosystem, volunteers picked up about four lakh pieces of plastic waste in a two-hour operation.

Another World environment day has gone by. We made great promises and shared information on plastic menace. Right now in India we are battling plastic pollution with all its strength, but the menace is deep rooted. Truth is Plastic pollution is one of the biggest reasons behind the decline we see in marinelife and increase in land waste and waterways.

If we just look at how big this plastic industry is in India, we can understand we are nowhere near solving this menace.

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

A research study carried out stated that 87% Indians are worried about non recyclable waste, but are not actively taking any steps to curb it. Plastic ban does not mean just polythene bags or water  bottles. Many of us are not even aware of the fact that microbeads, used in detergents and cosmetics, are a major environmental problem, as they can leach into oceans and are eaten by fish.  We will have to give away packaging including milk covers, food wrappers and even sanitary napkins.

Dia Mirza
Bollywood actress and environmentalist Dia Mirza announced a few days ago that she was switching to biodegradable sanitary napkins. image

Bollywood actress and environmentalist Dia Mirza announced a few days ago that she was switching to biodegradable sanitary napkins. Hope many more joins her.

Ray of Hope

Read moreBeating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

Ready to try sunscreen pills?

Ready to try sunscreen pills?You would be surprised to know that a new kind of pill has entered the market that can replace sunscreen cream and lotion. Yay !

This is how one product page describes this product “protect the skin from the sun with anti-oxidant, cancer prevention and photo prevention activities. The tablets help the people to leave the idea of adding the heavy layer of cream or lotion over the skin. ” It says one need to just pop one tablet a day. Would that mean no more need to apply liters of sunscreen lotion every half an hour, especially when out in hot summer. Let’s Explore…

What is Sunscreen Pills made of

Most of these pills are based on antioxidant-rich extract from the tropical fern Polypodium leucotomos. It is a fern plant found in Central America.  It contains polyphenolic compounds, mainly benzoate and cinnamates,  4-hydroxycinnamic acid (caffeic acid) which can inhibit UV induced peroxidation and production of nitric oxide (NO). Polypodium leucotomos extracts have various beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory action, DNA photoprotection, immunoregulation, and anticarcinogenic potential. Compound extracted from symbiotic algae found in coral too is used in making ingestible sunscreen pills. This pill not only protect human skin, but also can protect eyes from harmful UV rays.

Can Sunscreen Pills really Protect Skin?

These pills for sure contain antioxidants and can benefit everyone, regardless of skin type or age, but we are now too far away from completely ditching sunscreen lotion. According to dermatologists these pills need to be used along with good quality sunscreen lotion to see desired effect. At this time point they only function as mild adjuvant to topical sunscreens and reduces sunburns in fair-skinned people. It can also enhance repigmentation and reduce phototoxicity of UVA or UVB therapy in vitiligo patients. Sunscreen pills must be treated as vitamins by skin care lovers.

Ready to try sunscreen pills?

Word of Caution from FDA 

Read moreReady to try sunscreen pills?

How to speak to your daughter about Menstruation with ease

speak to your daughter about Menstruation with easeDo you have a daughter ? Are you ready to explain to your daughter about Periods or Menstrual Cycle ? Are you thinking how to explain her about menstruation without her feeling scared ?

Puberty and Menstruation is not an easy subject to discuss, but as a mother you need to explain your little one all about it, so that she should  feel  positive about her developmental  changes.

First and foremost thing….you stay calm and then follow the points listed here

Be Proactive

With so much change in lifestyle and eating habits, on average, most girls start their periods when they are around ten to thirteen. Periods normally starts 2 to 2.5 years after a girl’s breasts begin to develop. It’s better to speak to them about menstruation when they are around nine or ten. If you think it’s too early, you might be in for surprise when kids share with you half knowledge regarding this from their friends. As a loving parent you must take time and explain all about biological changes that will transform them into a healthy women. This will nourish their self-esteem.

Just you and your little one

This talk need to be happening between just you and your little one. No third person need to be there. This will help her from feeling awkward or uncomfortable.

Do not plan for a lecture

Do not plan for a long talk. Since it is the first talk, keep it brief. Do not try to explain her everything in a single conversation. Explain her facts about puberty and menstruation over many such mini talks. Emphasize to them that these changes are part of natural process of growing up.

speak to your daughter about Menstruation with ease

Do not sound boring

Do not pour out all science information you picked up in high school. Otherwise she will feel it to be a class from biology teacher. Pep the talk with some cookies and snacks.

Limit the talk to Menstruation and Periods

Explain to them why the monthly cycle happens and how it happens. You need not step into ‘sex’ aspect. You must also speak to them about body weight increase, development of breast, under arm and pubic hair growth and  skin problems. It is also essential to brief them about menstrual hygiene.  As she grows up introduce to her about how pregnancy happens and how babies take shape in uterus.

Explain with the help of visual media

We are living in the age of youtube. If you search you will find many explainer videos on menstruation that can help you in explaining this concept with ease.

Let me include some links for you

Read moreHow to speak to your daughter about Menstruation with ease

Nipah Virus: What Is It and How to stop It

Nipah virusWith toll from Nipah virus rising  and fear psychosis gripping people across Kerala and rest of South India, it’s necessary to understand this deadly virus and its spread pattern and symptoms in detail.

Origin of Nipah

This RNA virus  was first identified in 1998 at Kampung Sungai Nipah, in Malaysia. At that time, pigs were the intermediate hosts. But, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In 2004 in Bangladesh, humans got this virus by consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats.  Two outbreaks of Nipah happened prior in India  in West Bengal in 2001 and 2007 killing 50. 

The matter of concern comes from the fact that no drugs are available in market that can kill this emerging zoonotic virus.

Nipah virus

Facts known about Nipah Virus

  • Nipah Infection will spread from person to person only if there is close contact with body fluids of the infected person
  • This virus is truly deadly. It can kill between 40 to 100% of those affected
  • The virus has an incubation period of 4 to 14 days. The trouble point is early symptoms matches with that of with common cold or general viral infection
  • Symptom includes acute respiratory infection (mild, severe), and fatal encephalitis
  • In the current outbreak the lungs seems to be more affected. Patients experience severe breathlessness
  • Encephalitis and seizures occur in only severe cases, progressing to coma within 24 to 48 hours
  • In the absence of drugs and vaccine, the only option available is to provide support care and if needed provide respiratory support
  • Nipah virus is on the WHO list of Blueprint priority diseases

Precautionary measures

Read moreNipah Virus: What Is It and How to stop It

How to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?

How to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?Are you a parent of a child with Down Syndrome. Are you engulfed with feelings of loss, guilt, and fear.

 Do understand, you are not alone in this battle. You will find lot many like minded parents, resources and support around which will help you to raise your child in the best possible way. 

Meet Miss Devanshi Joshi. She won 2017 Helen Keller award. She did her early education at regular school and cleared class X and XII through NIOS. She is a great dancer and photographer too.

Down syndrome
Miss Devanshi Joshi

Now she works as a store manager at Gram Bharat and she is leading an independent life. She has even won  President’s National Award for Empowerment of Persons with Disability for best employee. Looking at her life one can understand that children with Down syndrome can lead a normal life.

What is Down Syndrome

Down syndrome

 

Disease Statistics says that every year in India between 23,000 and 29,000 children are born with Down Syndrome. Down syndrome is one of the  most commonly observed chromosomal disorder in India. In Down syndrome, each cell in the body possess three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two copies, as a result in place of 46 chromosomes a person with Down Syndrome has 47 chromosomes. Children born with this syndrome will have learning disabilities, developmental delays, unique facial features including  flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears, and a protruding tongue, and low muscle tone in early infancy.

Support for Parents in India

You indeed are having at home a special child and to raise the baby as a confident child first you need to be informed and trained. In India you have many organizations which works for kids with Down syndrome. These organizations offer programs and trainings which can help both parents and kids.

Down Syndrome Federation of India

“Down Syndrome Federation of India” offers support to individuals with Down’s Syndrome and their families through various Down’s Syndrome Institutions across India. They arrange for children with down syndrome early intervention program to vocational training. This place is the brain child of Dr. Surekha Ramachandran (mother to a wonderful child named Babli, who too has triumphed over Down syndrome).

Parents of Down’s Syndrome

Parents of Down’s Syndrome or PODS is based out of Mumbai. They organize camps, provide training for kids and work relentlessly towards “inclusion” of mentally challenged in the mainstream of society.

Amrit Foundation of India

Amrit Foundation of India work towards the development and well-being of disabled children. Their  flagship programme, The Little Peepul Tree, focuses on children with intellectual and developmental challenges.

Latika Roy Memorial Foundation

This organization is run by Ravi and Jo Chopra. They have various programs for special kids. The Early Intervention Centre (EIC) is for very young children with developmental delays. They have Karuna vihar development centre to cater the needs of special kids in the growing years. They educate parents and help mentally challenged children to lead normal life.

 

Books for your Reference:

Read moreHow to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?

Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone with Shaving Cream

Puffy Paint Ice Cream ConeSummer holidays are coming to an end. We thought of giving it a grand closure by making a Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone with SHAVING CREAM !!

I believe that the best way to get your child interested in science is by doing SCIENCE stuff with them…

This is the fourth post by me under ‘Fun with Science’ section

 

Ingredients used:

Puffy paint ice cream cone

  • Shaving cream
  • White Glue
  • Food color or Poster color
  • Paint brush or Ice cream sticks
  • A4 Paper

How to make Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone  :

Take an A4 paper and paste on it a brown cardboard piece cut in the shape of a cone. Draw over it stripes. Then draw scoops over it with pencil. You can draw as many scoops. We drew two scoops and one cherry.

Puffy paint ice cream cone

Take some shaving cream to a bowl and to it add equal amount of white glue. Then add a color of your choice and mix it up

Puffy paint ice cream cone

Spread the colored shaving cream to the paper carefully

Last step….Keep the paper for drying

Read morePuffy Paint Ice Cream Cone with Shaving Cream

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick
Did you know the fact that bacteria doubles in 20-30 minutes. So even a single cell of bacteria is left, it can grow into millions in a single day !

No offence…I know we all are particular in keeping our house clean. But then how many times it has happened that one member falls sick and remaining all family members follow the suit or after being down with illness your child fall sick again immediately…. It happens right. The truth is, though these germs are too small, they are contagious, can spread fast and can stay alive for quite some time…waiting to pounce on next victim.

You need to follow strict cleaning practice, especially when a family member falls sick. You have to continue this practice for few more days even after the person recovers from illness. This is to wipe out all germs from your house completely.

 Did you know the fact that bacteria doubles in 20-30 minutes. So even a single cell of bacteria is left, it can grow into millions in a single day !

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

Living Areas

Now no one can confine a sick person to bedroom alone. They would be using mobiles, watching television and using living room furniture and facilities. The moment a person falls sick it’s better to cover sofa and  upholstery with washable sheets and blankets. In that way, the furniture will remain germ free.  It’s advisable to remove decorative pillows and show pieces from living area. It is advisable to clean every day door knobs, light switches, cell phone, remote control, laptops, toys etc with good quality disinfectant.

Bedroom

It’s your mattress that’s going to get the maximum load of germs. So to prevent your mattress from becoming a hiding place for germs, it’s better to give the mattress an extra layer of covering. Also when a person is sick they will sweat a lot. This sweat will seep into mattress and pillows, and can cause stains and smells. The extra protection layer given by you will help to absorb any excess sweat and keep pillows and mattress clean. If the disease lasts for a long period it would be good to expose mattress to day-light for 5-6 hours. To make the mattress perfect one can sprinkle a combination of baking soda and essential oil over it and later remove it with the help of a vacuum cleaner.

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

Bathroom

The warm, steamy environment makes it perfect for  germs to grow. Especially if illness involved diarrhea, vomiting you must double up your sanitization plan. In addition to cleaning up toilet floor, flush, taps and basin you must also give towels a hot water wash. It’s good to allocate a separate towel for the sick or even encouraging them to use paper tissues on days of infection. Empty out dustbin with body secretion appropriately and give it as well a thorough wash.

Read moreHow to Clean your Home after Being Sick

Pre-Teen Acne: Be Alert from the Beginning Parents

Pre-Teen Acne
The worst is, according to doctors kids with pre-teen acne will have more severe acne in adolescence.

Start of puberty is occurring earlier than in the past.  Acne is no longer viewed as a teen phenomenon. Dermatologists are seeing patients as young 7 and 8 years reaching out to them for acne treatment. Also early acne is a little more common in girls than boys. Indeed a matter of concern for me as I am mother to two daughters.

Acne  includes everything from  whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, nodules to cysts. It leave behind blemishes and scars which can lead to emotional distress. Pre-adolescent acne can progress from whiteheads to inflamed bumps. It occurs mostly on the forehead, nose and chin. The worst is, according to doctors kids with pre-teen acne will have more severe acne in adolescence.

So What can Parents do

  • Be Alert from the Beginning itself. Watch for small blackheads and early papules, especially on the nose where acne usually starts
  • Teach Your little one Good Skin Care Habits early on
  • Opt for mild acne treatment cream with benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria that cause pimples
  • Tell your kids to keep their hands off the pimples. Pricking the pimple can cause scarring, exacerbate inflammation, and generally makes acne worse

My Story

“Teach Your little one Good Skin Care Habits early on”. It was easier said than done. My little ones travel each day ten kilometers for school. By the time they come back, on their face half the dust and dirt of Bangalore will be there. But then I was hesitant to use any soap or adult products to clean their face. I was on look out for a mild, kid friendly foaming face wash. That’s when I received from Mamaearth FOAMING FACE WASH FOR KIDS WITH ALOE VERA AND COCONUT BASED CLEANSERS. As usual a thoughtful product from Mamaearth. I am not surprised to see such a product from them as the brand is run by new age parents Ghazal and Varun and they understand new age problems very well.

How is the product like

Mamaearth Foaming Baby Face Wash for Kids
Mamaearth Foaming Baby Face Wash for Kids

First and foremost my kids loved its smell and foamy texture. Also they found the bottle easy to use and store. They said they are going to use it ! So the major hurdle is over

Coming to its ingredients, the product is purely organic. It has the benefits of coconut oil and aloe vera. It’s tear free and soap free formula cleanses and moisturizes skin. Also it is MadeSafe certified, dermatologically tested and pH balanced.  Mamaearth Foaming Facewash is free of SLS, parabens, phthalates, detergents and artificial fragrances.

Read morePre-Teen Acne: Be Alert from the Beginning Parents