5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man’s Body

5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man's BodyGenerally when we speak about parenting, it’s all about changes that happen in mom. But science says that Man’s body and brain too undergo changes with the arrival of new born baby. Hormonal changes does not just affect women, but it affects men too. Dropping testosterone levels, rising prolactin and oxytocin level transforms a man into a DAD.

Several studies has been carried out in past that indicated of the role fathers play in helping kids grow up as responsible citizens without much behavioral and psychological problems, but its only off late studies have started focusing on the brain level changes associated with fatherhood.

Dads Gain Pregnancy Weight 

Study carried out in 2009 found that men reportedly gain on an average of 6 Kg during their partner’s pregnancy. This is called sympathetic pregnancy symptom and is called as ‘couvade’. Symptoms can include even nausea, headache, irritability, restlessness, backache, colds, and nervousness.

couvade syndrome

The ‘love hormone’ Oxytocin peaks up

In fathers “love hormone” level increases when they engage with their little one or get on with them in plays. That means, more the father gets involved in baby plays, more would be the level of love hormone. Another study revealed that sniffing a dose of the oxytocin makes fathers more engaged with their kids. So soon we will see oxytocin spray among  Father’s Day gift.

5 Ways Fatherhood Changes a Man's Body

Dip in testosterone levels

The level of Testosterone falls by about 40% in the first month of parenthood. Researchers measured the volume of testosterone in new fathers who were responsible towards their kids and who were indifferent. What they found was that new fathers who were responsible had lower testosterone levels compared to men who were indifferent to kids had higher testosterone levels.

Level of Prolactin increases

New dads experience on an average 20% rise in their prolactin levels in the first month and it remains elevated for many more months. While in women this hormone is associated with promoting feeding, in dads it help in promoting the development of paternal behaviors.

Dads Brain too changes

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This Monsoon watch out for these 8 Diseases

8 monsoon disease

Rain has hit southern states of India. By this month end or July entire country will get wet. A relief from hot summer, but all worried about monsoon diseases. The state of road and infrastructure in our country has not changed much, so we are going to see clogged roads, over flowing drains and drenched waste piles. Only option available is to know how these diseases spread and combat it from ones on end. Also during monsoon people with lifestyle disease like diabetes must be extra careful.

Water borne diseases:

Harmful bacteria, virus, chemical pollutants and dissolved impurities present in the contaminated water can wreak havoc in our lives. According to UN reports, In India, over one lakh people die of water-borne diseases annually.  With rain water leading to flood and water clogging, access to pure drinking water gets limited. Water-related diseases kills more number of people in monsoon, in both the urban and rural areas.

Cholera:  A person get Cholera by drinking impure water or eating food which is contaminated with bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It can affect children and adults and every year thousands of case gets reported across the country. Main symptoms include vomiting, abdominal cramps, watery diarrhoea, and fever.

Typhoid: It is another disease that gets transmitted by drinking contaminated water. It is caused by Salmonellae typhi bacteria. Symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, headache, constipation, exhaustion, sleepiness, and nausea. Typhoid fever is confirmed through stool culture. Infected person can transfer disease to people in close contact.

Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is caused by Hepatitis A virus and it affects the liver. It is normally spread through fecal-oral route. Symptoms include fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice. This is not life threatening and people come out of it without any long-term damage. Once a person contracts hepatitis A, they develop lifelong immunity, so no much chance for getting it second time.

Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea is one of the major causes of concern in children under the age of 5 . Diarrhoea that lasts for 2-3 days is very common and can affect people of all ages. But if diarrhoea lasts for more than 3-4 weeks, then it is referred as chronic diarrhea and it is fatal.

8 monsoon disease

Mosquito borne diseases:

Monsoon is the time of the year when we see increase in incidence of mosquito born diseases. Water logging and drains makes perfect  breeding place for mosquitoes. It is said “mosquitoes have killed more people than all the wars in history”.

Malaria:

Truth is all of India’s population is at risk for getting malaria except for those living above 1700 m above sea surface.   When Anopheles mosquito carrying Plasmodium parasite bites, the parasite gets released into our bloodstream and we get infected. In about  48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply and finally lyses of the red blood cells. Malaria if not attended at right time can become deadly.

Dengue:

The incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold over the last 50 years across globe. You would be amazed to know that  Aedes mosquitoes prefer artificial water containers like tanks to lay their eggs . The viruses enters human body through the bites of an infective female Aedes mosquito. Patient experiences symptoms like headache, high fever, rashes, and pain in the muscles and the joints. In severe cases, one may experience severe bleeding and shocks, which can be life threatening.

Chikangunya:

Chikungunya is caused by Alphavirus and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. They are a cause of great concern to public health in India. Symptoms generally start 4–7 days after the mosquito bite. The acute phase is characterized by painful polyarthralgia, high fever, asthenia, headache, vomiting, rash and myalgia. In the chronic phase, incapacitating arthralgia persists for months.

Food borne diseases:

Read moreThis Monsoon watch out for these 8 Diseases

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think
We will have to give away packaging including milk covers, food wrappers and even sanitary napkins

Every yea in India about 25,000 tonnes of plastic waste is generated  and of which only 60 per cent is recycled. Delhi tops the chart with with 689.52 tonnes followed by Chennai (429.39 tonnes), Mumbai (408.27 tonnes), Bengaluru (313.87 tonnes) and Hyderabad (199.33 tonnes). Thus says our union environment minister. In a recent clean up drive that happened across 12 states lying close to Himalayan ecosystem, volunteers picked up about four lakh pieces of plastic waste in a two-hour operation.

Another World environment day has gone by. We made great promises and shared information on plastic menace. Right now in India we are battling plastic pollution with all its strength, but the menace is deep rooted. Truth is Plastic pollution is one of the biggest reasons behind the decline we see in marinelife and increase in land waste and waterways.

If we just look at how big this plastic industry is in India, we can understand we are nowhere near solving this menace.

Beating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

A research study carried out stated that 87% Indians are worried about non recyclable waste, but are not actively taking any steps to curb it. Plastic ban does not mean just polythene bags or water  bottles. Many of us are not even aware of the fact that microbeads, used in detergents and cosmetics, are a major environmental problem, as they can leach into oceans and are eaten by fish.  We will have to give away packaging including milk covers, food wrappers and even sanitary napkins.

Dia Mirza
Bollywood actress and environmentalist Dia Mirza announced a few days ago that she was switching to biodegradable sanitary napkins. image

Bollywood actress and environmentalist Dia Mirza announced a few days ago that she was switching to biodegradable sanitary napkins. Hope many more joins her.

Ray of Hope

Read moreBeating plastic pollution in India is easier than you Think

Ready to try sunscreen pills?

Ready to try sunscreen pills?You would be surprised to know that a new kind of pill has entered the market that can replace sunscreen cream and lotion. Yay !

This is how one product page describes this product “protect the skin from the sun with anti-oxidant, cancer prevention and photo prevention activities. The tablets help the people to leave the idea of adding the heavy layer of cream or lotion over the skin. ” It says one need to just pop one tablet a day. Would that mean no more need to apply liters of sunscreen lotion every half an hour, especially when out in hot summer. Let’s Explore…

What is Sunscreen Pills made of

Most of these pills are based on antioxidant-rich extract from the tropical fern Polypodium leucotomos. It is a fern plant found in Central America.  It contains polyphenolic compounds, mainly benzoate and cinnamates,  4-hydroxycinnamic acid (caffeic acid) which can inhibit UV induced peroxidation and production of nitric oxide (NO). Polypodium leucotomos extracts have various beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory action, DNA photoprotection, immunoregulation, and anticarcinogenic potential. Compound extracted from symbiotic algae found in coral too is used in making ingestible sunscreen pills. This pill not only protect human skin, but also can protect eyes from harmful UV rays.

Can Sunscreen Pills really Protect Skin?

These pills for sure contain antioxidants and can benefit everyone, regardless of skin type or age, but we are now too far away from completely ditching sunscreen lotion. According to dermatologists these pills need to be used along with good quality sunscreen lotion to see desired effect. At this time point they only function as mild adjuvant to topical sunscreens and reduces sunburns in fair-skinned people. It can also enhance repigmentation and reduce phototoxicity of UVA or UVB therapy in vitiligo patients. Sunscreen pills must be treated as vitamins by skin care lovers.

Ready to try sunscreen pills?

Word of Caution from FDA 

Read moreReady to try sunscreen pills?