Nipah Virus: What Is It and How to stop It

Nipah virusWith toll from Nipah virus rising  and fear psychosis gripping people across Kerala and rest of South India, it’s necessary to understand this deadly virus and its spread pattern and symptoms in detail.

Origin of Nipah

This RNA virus  was first identified in 1998 at Kampung Sungai Nipah, in Malaysia. At that time, pigs were the intermediate hosts. But, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In 2004 in Bangladesh, humans got this virus by consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats.  Two outbreaks of Nipah happened prior in India  in West Bengal in 2001 and 2007 killing 50. 

The matter of concern comes from the fact that no drugs are available in market that can kill this emerging zoonotic virus.

Nipah virus

Facts known about Nipah Virus

  • Nipah Infection will spread from person to person only if there is close contact with body fluids of the infected person
  • This virus is truly deadly. It can kill between 40 to 100% of those affected
  • The virus has an incubation period of 4 to 14 days. The trouble point is early symptoms matches with that of with common cold or general viral infection
  • Symptom includes acute respiratory infection (mild, severe), and fatal encephalitis
  • In the current outbreak the lungs seems to be more affected. Patients experience severe breathlessness
  • Encephalitis and seizures occur in only severe cases, progressing to coma within 24 to 48 hours
  • In the absence of drugs and vaccine, the only option available is to provide support care and if needed provide respiratory support
  • Nipah virus is on the WHO list of Blueprint priority diseases

Precautionary measures

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How to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?

How to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?Are you a parent of a child with Down Syndrome. Are you engulfed with feelings of loss, guilt, and fear.

 Do understand, you are not alone in this battle. You will find lot many like minded parents, resources and support around which will help you to raise your child in the best possible way. 

Meet Miss Devanshi Joshi. She won 2017 Helen Keller award. She did her early education at regular school and cleared class X and XII through NIOS. She is a great dancer and photographer too.

Down syndrome
Miss Devanshi Joshi

Now she works as a store manager at Gram Bharat and she is leading an independent life. She has even won  President’s National Award for Empowerment of Persons with Disability for best employee. Looking at her life one can understand that children with Down syndrome can lead a normal life.

What is Down Syndrome

Down syndrome

 

Disease Statistics says that every year in India between 23,000 and 29,000 children are born with Down Syndrome. Down syndrome is one of the  most commonly observed chromosomal disorder in India. In Down syndrome, each cell in the body possess three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two copies, as a result in place of 46 chromosomes a person with Down Syndrome has 47 chromosomes. Children born with this syndrome will have learning disabilities, developmental delays, unique facial features including  flat facial profile, an upward slant to the eyes, small ears, and a protruding tongue, and low muscle tone in early infancy.

Support for Parents in India

You indeed are having at home a special child and to raise the baby as a confident child first you need to be informed and trained. In India you have many organizations which works for kids with Down syndrome. These organizations offer programs and trainings which can help both parents and kids.

Down Syndrome Federation of India

“Down Syndrome Federation of India” offers support to individuals with Down’s Syndrome and their families through various Down’s Syndrome Institutions across India. They arrange for children with down syndrome early intervention program to vocational training. This place is the brain child of Dr. Surekha Ramachandran (mother to a wonderful child named Babli, who too has triumphed over Down syndrome).

Parents of Down’s Syndrome

Parents of Down’s Syndrome or PODS is based out of Mumbai. They organize camps, provide training for kids and work relentlessly towards “inclusion” of mentally challenged in the mainstream of society.

Amrit Foundation of India

Amrit Foundation of India work towards the development and well-being of disabled children. Their  flagship programme, The Little Peepul Tree, focuses on children with intellectual and developmental challenges.

Latika Roy Memorial Foundation

This organization is run by Ravi and Jo Chopra. They have various programs for special kids. The Early Intervention Centre (EIC) is for very young children with developmental delays. They have Karuna vihar development centre to cater the needs of special kids in the growing years. They educate parents and help mentally challenged children to lead normal life.

 

Books for your Reference:

Read moreHow to raise a child with Down Syndrome ?

Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone with Shaving Cream

Puffy Paint Ice Cream ConeSummer holidays are coming to an end. We thought of giving it a grand closure by making a Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone with SHAVING CREAM !!

I believe that the best way to get your child interested in science is by doing SCIENCE stuff with them…

This is the fourth post by me under ‘Fun with Science’ section

 

Ingredients used:

Puffy paint ice cream cone

  • Shaving cream
  • White Glue
  • Food color or Poster color
  • Paint brush or Ice cream sticks
  • A4 Paper

How to make Puffy Paint Ice Cream Cone  :

Take an A4 paper and paste on it a brown cardboard piece cut in the shape of a cone. Draw over it stripes. Then draw scoops over it with pencil. You can draw as many scoops. We drew two scoops and one cherry.

Puffy paint ice cream cone

Take some shaving cream to a bowl and to it add equal amount of white glue. Then add a color of your choice and mix it up

Puffy paint ice cream cone

Spread the colored shaving cream to the paper carefully

Last step….Keep the paper for drying

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How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick
Did you know the fact that bacteria doubles in 20-30 minutes. So even a single cell of bacteria is left, it can grow into millions in a single day !

No offence…I know we all are particular in keeping our house clean. But then how many times it has happened that one member falls sick and remaining all family members follow the suit or after being down with illness your child fall sick again immediately…. It happens right. The truth is, though these germs are too small, they are contagious, can spread fast and can stay alive for quite some time…waiting to pounce on next victim.

You need to follow strict cleaning practice, especially when a family member falls sick. You have to continue this practice for few more days even after the person recovers from illness. This is to wipe out all germs from your house completely.

 Did you know the fact that bacteria doubles in 20-30 minutes. So even a single cell of bacteria is left, it can grow into millions in a single day !

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

Living Areas

Now no one can confine a sick person to bedroom alone. They would be using mobiles, watching television and using living room furniture and facilities. The moment a person falls sick it’s better to cover sofa and  upholstery with washable sheets and blankets. In that way, the furniture will remain germ free.  It’s advisable to remove decorative pillows and show pieces from living area. It is advisable to clean every day door knobs, light switches, cell phone, remote control, laptops, toys etc with good quality disinfectant.

Bedroom

It’s your mattress that’s going to get the maximum load of germs. So to prevent your mattress from becoming a hiding place for germs, it’s better to give the mattress an extra layer of covering. Also when a person is sick they will sweat a lot. This sweat will seep into mattress and pillows, and can cause stains and smells. The extra protection layer given by you will help to absorb any excess sweat and keep pillows and mattress clean. If the disease lasts for a long period it would be good to expose mattress to day-light for 5-6 hours. To make the mattress perfect one can sprinkle a combination of baking soda and essential oil over it and later remove it with the help of a vacuum cleaner.

How to Clean your Home after Being Sick

Bathroom

The warm, steamy environment makes it perfect for  germs to grow. Especially if illness involved diarrhea, vomiting you must double up your sanitization plan. In addition to cleaning up toilet floor, flush, taps and basin you must also give towels a hot water wash. It’s good to allocate a separate towel for the sick or even encouraging them to use paper tissues on days of infection. Empty out dustbin with body secretion appropriately and give it as well a thorough wash.

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Pre-Teen Acne: Be Alert from the Beginning Parents

Pre-Teen Acne
The worst is, according to doctors kids with pre-teen acne will have more severe acne in adolescence.

Start of puberty is occurring earlier than in the past.  Acne is no longer viewed as a teen phenomenon. Dermatologists are seeing patients as young 7 and 8 years reaching out to them for acne treatment. Also early acne is a little more common in girls than boys. Indeed a matter of concern for me as I am mother to two daughters.

Acne  includes everything from  whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, nodules to cysts. It leave behind blemishes and scars which can lead to emotional distress. Pre-adolescent acne can progress from whiteheads to inflamed bumps. It occurs mostly on the forehead, nose and chin. The worst is, according to doctors kids with pre-teen acne will have more severe acne in adolescence.

So What can Parents do

  • Be Alert from the Beginning itself. Watch for small blackheads and early papules, especially on the nose where acne usually starts
  • Teach Your little one Good Skin Care Habits early on
  • Opt for mild acne treatment cream with benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria that cause pimples
  • Tell your kids to keep their hands off the pimples. Pricking the pimple can cause scarring, exacerbate inflammation, and generally makes acne worse

My Story

“Teach Your little one Good Skin Care Habits early on”. It was easier said than done. My little ones travel each day ten kilometers for school. By the time they come back, on their face half the dust and dirt of Bangalore will be there. But then I was hesitant to use any soap or adult products to clean their face. I was on look out for a mild, kid friendly foaming face wash. That’s when I received from Mamaearth FOAMING FACE WASH FOR KIDS WITH ALOE VERA AND COCONUT BASED CLEANSERS. As usual a thoughtful product from Mamaearth. I am not surprised to see such a product from them as the brand is run by new age parents Ghazal and Varun and they understand new age problems very well.

How is the product like

Mamaearth Foaming Baby Face Wash for Kids
Mamaearth Foaming Baby Face Wash for Kids

First and foremost my kids loved its smell and foamy texture. Also they found the bottle easy to use and store. They said they are going to use it ! So the major hurdle is over

Coming to its ingredients, the product is purely organic. It has the benefits of coconut oil and aloe vera. It’s tear free and soap free formula cleanses and moisturizes skin. Also it is MadeSafe certified, dermatologically tested and pH balanced.  Mamaearth Foaming Facewash is free of SLS, parabens, phthalates, detergents and artificial fragrances.

Read morePre-Teen Acne: Be Alert from the Beginning Parents

Did you know we inherit these 5 traits from our Mother

Mother's day post
If you are a women, you will experience similar health milestones as that of your mother

Let me kick of this Mother’s day post by giving a big salute to my Mom.

I am sure we all agree that mom has played a key role in transforming us into what we are today… even if we are like two peas in a pod or totally chalk and cheese. You would be surprised to know that it’s just not at behavior level moms influence us, but she influences our genetic makeup too !

Intelligence comes from our mom

How intelligent a child is depends on mom, and not on Dad….science says so.  Genes for intelligence is present on X chromosome and women have two of these. But then things  are not just that simple. Mothers do have two X chromosomes, but they aren’t identical chromosomes, and of course, they get one of them from their fathers.

Energy that powers our cells…we owe it to mom

mothers day post

Mitochondria are structures present inside cells that helps in converting the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Though most of the DNA is packed in cell nucleus, mitochondria also have a small amount of their own DNA and this is essential for powering the cells. This mitochondrial DNA comes only from the mother and nobody fully understands why or how fathers’ mitochondrial DNA gets wiped from cells.

Menstruation….it resembles a lot like your mom

If you are a women, you will experience similar milestones as that of your mother. Study carried out by Institute of Cancer Research at the University of London, says that there’s a 57 percent chance that a girl will start menstruating within three months of when her mother started her period.

Not so good part…….

Read moreDid you know we inherit these 5 traits from our Mother

10 Surprising Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

10 Surprising Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar
Raw, unfiltered and unpasteurized vinegar with floating stuff inside alone can be used as a health tonic

Apple Cider Vinegar is nature’s  magic potion. I am sure you would have already heard about some of its benefits. You will be surprised to know that, It is in use way back from 1958, from the time  doctor D.C. Jarvis wrote a book praising Apple Cider Vinegar’s benefits in treating everything from arthritis to diabetes to weight gain.

What’s in it ?

Apple cider vinegar is a type of vinegar made by the fermentation of apple cider. During the fermentation process, sugar in the apple cider is broken down by bacteria and yeast into alcohol and then into vinegar. Like many types of vinegar, apple cider vinegar contains a substance called acetic acid. Apple cider vinegar also contains some lactic, citric and malic acids.

Is Raw Apple Cider Vinegar Better than Clear Vinegar?

Raw, unfiltered and unpasteurized vinegar with floating stuff inside alone can be used as a health tonic. The floating matter is not dirt, but a substance called as “mother” which is formed from pectin and apple residue. The minerals, amino acids and vitamins present in it, gives it a brown tinge.  Healthkart’s Apple Cider Vinegar comes with the ‘mother’ culture in it which contains beneficial bacteria and acids that helps you keep fit and healthy.

Healthkart’s Apple Cider Vinegar

What’s Good About Apple Cider Vinegar?

Aid in Weight loss

Research studies suggests that drinking apple cider vinegar can help to burn fat and lose weight. Acetic acid, key ingredient found in apple cider vinegar, helps with weight loss. A study carried out in 175 Japanese people in 2009, showed that continuous vinegar intake reduces body weight, BMI, and body fat mass. Apple Cider Vinegar also gives a feeling of fullness, because of which food intake reduces.

Lowers Blood Sugar

Research suggest that intake of small amount of apple cider vinegar can help to reduce blood sugar levels after a peak following a meal high in carbohydrates. Apple Cider Vinegar is very much beneficial for Type II Diabetes patients in managing their blood sugar level.  Acetic acid present in apple cider vinegar slows down the conversion of complex carbohydrates into sugar in the bloodstream.

Apple Cider Vinegar Benefits

Lowers Blood Pressure

Apple cider vinegar, or ACV can lower even blood pressure when consumed daily. It brings about better blood circulation by breaking down fat and phlegm deposits in the body and lowers pressure against the arterial walls.

Reduce Bad Cholesterol

Apple cider vinegar increases good cholesterol levels and decreases bad cholesterol. ACV reduces LDLs also known as “bad” cholesterol, which oxidizes in the blood stream and lead to the formation of plaque. Flavonoids in ACV scavenges free radicals and prevent cell damage and oxidative stress, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis.

Good medication for Gout

Many people with gout found instant relief after consuming apple cider vinegar, while others have reported relief after a few days. Apple cider vinegar breaks down uric acid crystals and prevents them from reforming in the joints. It also reduces inflammation and swelling in the joints giving it more flexibility.

Read more10 Surprising Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar